Perbandingan Cost Significant Model Dengan Metode Parametrik Untuk Estimasi Biaya Gedung Bertingkat 2 di Provinsi Sumatera Barat

Jajang Atmaja -, Elvi Roza Syofyan, Anne Fadillah -


The estimated cost at the initial or conceptual stage is an estimate made when there is still little information about the image, description and specifications of the work to be done. This estimate is needed to provide information on the initial description of the total construction costs. Estimated costs must be accurate so as not to cause problems in the future. To obtain a method that meets these needs, we compare two estimation methods, namely the Cost Significant Model and the Metode Parametrik. This study aims to determine the components of the calculation needed by the Cost Significant Model and Parametric Method and the comparison of the two in making cost estimates and for determining the most accurate method. This research was applied to the construction of a 2-storey building in the province of West Sumatra. Data related to the study were collected from consultants in the city of Padang with 9 (nine) RAB data complete with project information originating from 2013 s.d. 2016

Based on the Cost Significant Model analysis, the regression analysis formula is obtained: Y = 1,340,187,179 + 3,175 X2 + 0,295 X10 + 7,072 X11 + 1,881 X4 - 4,134 X13, where X2 is Foundation Work Cost, X10 is Wall Work Cost, X11 is Door Work Cost and Window, X4 is Column Work Costs, X13 is Floor Work Costs. This cost estimation model has been validated with an average error percentage of 0%. Metode Parametrik Analysis using the formula set out in Presidential Regulation No. 73 of 2011 Article 14: Total Project Costs = HSBGN x K x Project Area, where HSBGN is the Price of the State Building Building Unit and K is the multiplier multiplier for multi-storey buildings. This cost estimation model has been validated with an average error percentage of 32%. Based on the results of this error percentage, it is concluded that the most accurate method is the Cost Significant Model.

To obtain a small earth (near zero) resistivity value is determined by the number of planted electrodes and soil type properties. Difficulty in obtaining this small resistivity value often errors in estimating soil properties or soil type resistance so that failure to obtain soil barriers often occurs.

To determine the desired amount of material can be measured soil type resistor value, by measuring the soil resistivity value so that the estimated material cost estimation can be achieved well. then in this research using geoelectric method with Schlumberger configuration. Schlumberger method is a method with a constant system of spacing rules with the note of the 'n' multiplier is the comparison of the distance between the C1-P1 or (C2-P2) electrodes with P1-P2. The instrument used is a resistivity meter ( Naniura) equipped with four electrodes which have the ability to read output voltage response due to current injected into the ground surface through two current electrodes and two potential electrodes. In this study used progress to map the 2D isoresistivity beneath the measured surface. .

The results of this soil resistivity measurement can be determined with certainty the amount of material used and the cost of workmanship provided to establish the proper grounding system to be attached to a 20 kV Distribution substation at the State Polytechnic Padang State Electricity Laboratory. So that the grounding system in pairs meet the standards that have been determined and can be categorized both and safe for humans and equipment for grounding Distribution Distributors 20 kV Electricity Engineering Laboratory at the State Polytechnic Campus Padang.


Cost Significant Model, Metode Parametrik, Analisis Regresi, RAB, KHSBGN

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